• 八年级英语下册 Unit 6 话题三知识点总结:重点句型
  • 发布时间:2018-04-10 23:42 | 作者:admin | 来源:未知 | 浏览:
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  •   Topic 3 Bicycle riding is good exercise.
      Section A
      1. I think traffic in Beijing is crazy. 我认为北京的交通很拥堵。
      traffic 是不可数名词。
      e.g. The traffic there is good. 那儿的交通不错。
      2. You’ll get used to it soon. 你很快就会习惯的。
      A. be/get used to sth. 习惯,适应;
      e.g. He can’t get used to the weather here.他不习惯这儿的天气。
      B. get/be used to doing sth.习惯于做……;
      e.g. I am used to getting up early. 我习惯于早起。
      C. used to do sth.过去常常做某事(现在不做了);
      e.g. I used to watch TV after supper. 以前晚饭后我常看电视。
      D. be used to do sth. 被用来做某事;
      e.g. Wood is used to make paper. 树木被用来造纸。
      3. When I arrived, I was afraid of riding my bike anywhere. 我刚来的时候,到任何地方都不敢骑自行车。
      A. be afraid of doing sth.,可与be afraid to do sth. 不敢做某事 转换。
      e.g. The little boy is afraid of touching the fire again.
      =The little boy is afraid to touch the fire again.
      4. But now I feel a little more confident. 但现在我感觉有点自信了。
      a little more confident意为“更自信一点”,more confident是confident的比较级。
      a little... ……一点, much ... ……得多,两者都可以放在比较级前,用来加强比较的程度。
      e.g. She is a little younger than he. 她比他年轻一点。
      This bag is much heavier than that one. 这个包比那个包重得多。
      5. If people obey the traffic rules, there will be fewer accidents. 如果人们遵守交通规则,交通事故就会减少。
      1) A. rule n. 规则,规章;
      e.g. the rules of basketball篮球比赛规则;the rules of grammar语法规则;
      the rules of law法规;
      B . rule v. 统治(某人/某事物),管理;
      e.g. Charles I ruled eleven years. 查理一世统治了(英国)十一年。
      e.g. If it snows tomorrow, we’ll make snowmen together. 如果明天下雪,我们将一起堆雪人。
      6. Now I like riding my bike around the city more than before. 现在我比从前更喜欢骑自行车环城了。
      A. before adv. .以前,过去;
      e.g. She looked just the same as before. 她看上去就和以前一样。
      B. before还常用于完成时中。
      e.g. I have received the letter three days before. 我三天前就收到信了
      C. ago adv. 前,以前,常用于一般过去时。
      e.g. It happened a few minutes ago. 那是几分钟前发生的事。
      7. It’s easy to park, too. 而且停放自行车也很容易。
      A. park动词,停(车),泊(车)。
      e.g. You can’t park the car here. 此处禁止停车。
      B. park作名词时,指“公园”。
      e.g. We often take a walk in the park after supper. 晚饭后我们经常在公园里散步。
      8. Many people around the world use bicycles for work and pleasure.世界各地很多人把自行车用于工作、消遣中。
      use sth. for doing sth. 运用……做某事;
      e.g. We can use mobile phones for taking photos now. 我们现在可以用手机拍照。
      9. Bicycle need less space than cars. 自行车比小轿车需要的空间小。
      space n. 意为“空地,空间”,是不可数名词。
      e.g. The desk takes up too much space. 这张桌子占的地方太大了。
      10. After the policeman arrived, he asked about the accident. 在警察到达后,他询问了事故的情况。
      1)policeman 意为“(男)警察”,其复数形式: policemen。
      e.g. Don’t worry, the policemen are coming. 别着急,警察马上就来了。
      2)ask about 询问;
      Section B
      1. The young man on the bicycle was very careless.骑自行车的那个年轻人很粗心。
      1)careless adj. 粗心的; 其反义词:careful 细心的,小心的 ;
      2)on the bicycle 在自行车上;
      2. We should wear bicycle helmets when riding. 当我们在骑自行车时,我们应该带头盔。
      1)wear bicycle helmets 戴头盔;
      2)when riding 是 when we are riding 的省略。
      3. If we break the traffic rules, we may get a fine and even be in danger. 如果违反了交通规则,我们会受到处罚。
      1) A. break v. 打破,违反,破坏;
      e.g. break the traffic rules违反交通规则,反义词组为obey the traffic rules 遵守交通规则。
      B. break n. 停顿,休息;
      e.g. have a break 休息;
      The children have a break between classes at school. 学校里孩子们有课间休息时间。
      2) A. fine n. [C] 罚金,罚款;
      e.g. He got a heavy fine. 他受到严重处罚。
      B. fine v. 罚款;
      e.g. I was fined for speeding. 因为超速,我被罚款了。
      C. fine adj. 健康的,舒适的;
      e.g. —How are you? 你好吗?—Fine, thanks. 很好,谢谢。
      3) get a fine 受处罚;
      4) in danger 处于危险之中;
      4. If you make a wrong turn, you will cause trouble. 如果你转错弯,将会导致麻烦。
      A. turn 此处作名词,意为“(车辆的)转弯,转向;”
      e.g. Make a left/ right turn into west street. 向左、右入西大街;
      B. turn 还可作动词,意为“ 使转动; 旋转; 使改变方向;”
      常见词组: turn on 打开; turn off 关上; turn down 关小,拒绝;
      e.g. Please turn on the lights! 请打开灯!
      5. If you drive a car in England, you must drive on the left-hand side of the road.如果你在英国开车,你必须靠马路左边行驶。
      on the left-hand side of the road = on the left of the road 在马路左边;
      on the right-hand side of the road = on the right of the road 在马路右边;
      注意: 在左边/右边,介词用on。
      Section C
      1. The bicycle riders must pay attention to the traffic around them. 骑车者必须注意周围的车辆。
      pay attention to sth. 意为“对……注意、当心”,to为介词,后接名词或动名词等作宾语。
      e.g. Please pay attention to your pronunciation.请注意你的发音。
      2. The bicycle riders must wear helmets to protect their heads. 骑车者必须戴头盔保护头部。
      1)wear helmets 戴头盔;
      2)to protect their heads 意为“为了保护头部”。to 在这边表目的。
      3. It is also good for the environment because bicycle do not cause pollution. 它还对环境有益,因为骑自行车不会造成污染。
      be good for ... 对……有益;
      e.g. Drinking milk is good for your health. 喝牛奶对你的健康有益。
      4. Bicycle share the road with cars and trucks. 自行车与汽车和卡车共用车道。
      share ... with ... 与……分享……;
      e.g. I’d like to share a room with you.我想和你共住一个房间。
      5. Drivers do not always notice bicycles. 司机并不能时时注意到自行车。
      A. notice v. 看(听)到,注意到。
      e.g. I noticed them come in. 我注意到他们进来了。
      B. n. 通知,布告,公告牌。
      e.g. Look, there is a notice on the board. 看,布告牌上有一则通知。
      6. When riding at night, they must wear light-colored clothes, and have lights in the front and reflectors on the back of their bicycles. 晚上骑车时,他们必须穿浅色的衣服,并在车头安装车灯,车位装反光玻璃。
      A. in the front 在前面;
      B. 区别:in front of & in the front of
      in front of“在…的前面”,指某一范围以外的前面。 at/in the front of…“在…的前面”,指某一范围以内的前面。
      e.g. Miss Gao is standing at the front of the classroom.
      There is a tall tree in front of the house.
      7. In case of an accident, bicycle riders should know how to give first aid. 万一发生事情,骑车者应该懂得如何进行急救;
      1)in case of 意为“如果,假使……”。
      e.g. In case of an earthquake, what will you do? 假如发生地震,你会怎么做?
      2)give first aid 进行急救;
      8. In a word, the best way to be safe is to be careful. 总之,保持安全的最佳方式就是小心谨慎。
      1)in a word 意为“简言之,一句话,总之”与in short同义。
      e.g. In a word, I don’t want to be his friend any more. 总之,我不想再成为他的朋友了。
      2)the best way to do sth. 做某事的最佳方法;
      e.g. The best way to lose weight is to eat less and do more exercise. 减肥的最佳方法是少吃多运动。
      7. Look out and always be careful. 留神并且时刻小心谨慎。
      look out (表示警告,尤指有危险)意为“当心,小心,留神”。
      e.g. Look out! There’s car coming. 当心!有车来了。
      8. Call 120 if an accident happens. 当发生车祸,拨打120。
      A. call v. 意为“打电话”,
      e.g. call sb. (up) 给某人打电话;
      Can you call me when you arrive in New York. 你到纽约,能不能给我打个电话?
      B. call n. 意为“电话联络”,
      e.g. make a call 打电话; give sb. a call 给某人打电话;
      Can you give me a call when you arrive in New York? 你到纽约,能不能给我打个电话?
      Section D
      1. Qinghai Lake, the largest salt-water lake in China, lends its name to the province of Qinghai. 青海湖,中国最大的咸水湖, 青海省以它命名。
      lend one’s name to sth. 以某人的名字命名(某地方)。
      e.g. He lend his name to the mountain. 他以他的名字命名了这座山。
      2. Twenty-three rivers and streams empty into Qinghai Lake. 二十三条小河和溪流流入青海湖。
      empty into 注入,流入,走近;
      e.g. The Yangtze River empties into the East Sea. 长江流入东海。
      3. It has the highest altitude among all races hosted by the International Cycling Union.这是国际自行车联合会主办的众多赛事中海拔最高的比赛。
      (1)the highest altitude 海拔最高;
      (2)A. host v. (作为主人)招待,举办;
      e.g. They hosted a wonderful party. 他们举办了一场很精彩的晚会。
      B. n. 主人,东道主;
      e.g. the host country for the Olympic Games 奥林匹克运动会的主办国
      (3)the International Cycling Union 国际自行车联合会;
      4. There are 21 timed stages over three weeks. 有21个计时赛段,历时3周多。
      1)timed stages 计时赛段;
      2)over (数目)超过,与more than同义。
      e.g. The river near here is over/more than four meters deep. 这附近的一条河有四米多深。
      5. They go through the Alps, the Massif Central and the Pyrenees Mountains. 他们要穿过阿尔卑斯山脉、马塞夫中心和比例牛斯山。
      区别: go through & go across
      go through 空间上通过;go across 表面上通过;
      e.g. go across the road 只是从马路一边到另一边;go through则是从马路一端到另一端;
      6. The road are very difficult to ride on. 道路很崎岖。
      be difficult to do sth 做某事有困难;
      e.g. Math is difficult to learn. 学数学很难。
      7. The winner is the person with the best total time. 获胜者是总时间最少的那个人。
      play—player; post—poster; work—worker
      玩,打球—运动员; 邮寄—邮递员; 工作—工人
      8. He can do that without winning even one of the stages. 他不必每个阶段得第一名也能取得最后的胜利。
      without 没有,其反义词为with有,具有。
      e.g. Fish can’t live without water. 鱼离不开水。
      He left the room without saying a word. 他没说什么就离开了房间。
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